How can the hottest machinery export miss the ASEA

2022-08-09
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How can machinery exports miss the "ASEAN route" (Part I)

according to the China ASEAN Free Trade Area (CAFTA) goods trade agreement and the Dispute Settlement Mechanism Agreement (hereinafter referred to as the agreement) signed by the Chinese government and the 10 ASEAN countries, since July this year, six ASEAN countries, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam, have reduced import and export tariffs on some machinery products, This provides opportunities for the export of China's machinery products. Relevant enterprises can choose the export of products with China's advantages and more tax reduction in ASEAN. When exporting, you should pay attention to filling in and obtaining the certificate of origin (forme) before you can enjoy the treatment of tax reduction and exemption. Chinese machinery enterprises can apply for the certificate of origin at the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine and its local inspection and quarantine bureaus

at the same time, domestic enterprises should make full use of ASEAN as a channel to import raw materials, mechanical equipment, mechanical or electronic parts and accessories originally imported from other countries or regions from ASEAN under the same quality conditions. Because the import tariff from ASEAN is low, the transportation distance is short, and the cost is low, which can reduce the production cost. The foreign trade company F should make full use of this business opportunity to develop trade with ASEAN. For example, for non oriented silicon steel sheet (width ≥ 600mm), China's current import tariff rate is 6%, and the import tariff rate from ASEAN is 5%; Alloy steel galvanizing the project mainly constructs three plates (width ≥ 600mm) of high-performance polypropylene, acrylonitrile co production MMA and comprehensive utilization of clean hydrogen energy. The current tax rate in China is 7%, and the import tax rate from ASEAN is 5%; The current tax rate of rolled brass plates in China is 7%, and the import tax rate from ASEAN is 5%

it is worth noting that due to the reduction of China's import tariffs to ASEAN, it is also necessary to understand the situation of machinery products imported from ASEAN, analyze the possible impact on domestic enterprises, and take timely measures. In order to prevent some goods from being re exported without substantial processing in ASEAN, which will affect the development of relevant enterprises in China, the relevant government departments need to strengthen supervision and management. According to the agreement, machinery products imported from ASEAN must be processed in major processes in ASEAN countries, with a value-added of more than 40%. Now, China's customs has levied taxes at the agreed tax rate on the basis of the certificate of origin issued by the designated institutions of the six ASEAN countries

the tax reduction of 214 kinds of machinery products by industry: 11 kinds of agricultural machinery industry: Tractors (including crawler and wheel), walking tractors, drive axles equipped with differential for tractors, combine harvesters and other harvesters, animal feed preparation machines, wind turbine generators, agricultural product dryers, etc. the tax rate jointly implemented by the free trade zone (hereinafter referred to as the agreed tax rate) is 5%, which is 3-4 percentage points lower than the current tax rate of 8%~9% in China

there are four kinds of internal combustion engine industry: Marine gasoline engine, biogas engine and other gasoline engines, and the agreed tax rate is 2-3 percentage points lower than the current tax rate in China

there are 8 kinds of construction machinery industry: concrete pump, internal combustion forklift and parts, concrete or mortar mixing machine, mineral and asphalt mixing machine, stabilized soil paver and other pavers, and the agreed tax rate is 5%, which is generally 2-3 percentage points lower than the current tax rate in China

there are 11 kinds of cultural office equipment industries: cameras (excluding digital cameras) and color film processing equipment. The agreed tax rate is 20%, which is 5 percentage points lower than the current tax rate of 25% in China; Film cameras and projectors, slide projectors, film development and printing equipment, the agreed tax rate is 10%, which is 4 percentage points lower than China's current tax rate of 14%; The agreed tax rate of the projector is 15%, which is 3 percentage points lower than the current tax rate of 18% in China

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